Comparison Of Legal System: Islamic Law System, Civil Law, and Common Law
Keywords:Islamic law, civil law, comparison, and common law
This paper will discuss the comparison of Islamic legal system, civil law, and common law. Knowing the comparison is important. This method is very appropriate considering that the legal system has its own character and scope. The questions of this study are: (1) how is the comparison concept of legal systems; (2) how was the comparison of legal systems’ source; (3) how was the comparison of its history and (4) the comparative material of law content. The purpose of this study is to reveal the concepts of legal systems comparison; the comparison of its source, history and the material comparison of law system’s content. This study use normative legal method. The results of this study are: (1) the concept of legal system comparison is defined by the similarities and difference on the collection of law elements. The needs of legal systems comparison are grouped into scientific needs and practical needs; (2) the comparison of legal system source is that the source of Islamic legal system, civil law, and common law has similarity in the effort of legal discovery. (3) The comparison of the history of legal system have similarities in growth and development influenced by the traditions of human life from one generation to the next generation in wide definition. (4) Comparison of the content of law system have similarities that all aspects of human life is generally regulated by law. In this context Islamic law is comprehensively regulate various aspects of human life including the relationship with the universe, the Lord and the hereafter.
Ali, Achmad (2009) Menguak Theory of Law and Theory of Justice. Jakarta: Kencana.
Akgunduz, Ahmed. (2010). Introduction to Islamic Law. Rotterdam: IUR Press.
Bek, M. Hudhari. (1980). Tarikh Tasyri’ al-Islamy. Trans. Mohammad Zuhri. Sejarah Pembinaan Hukum Islam. Indonesia: Dar al-Ihya.
Carlson, Scott N. (2009). Intro to Civil Law Legal System. U.S. Institute of Peace: INPROL Consolidated Response.
Cruz, Peter De. (2010). Comparison of Legal Sisitem (Common Law, Civil Law and Socialist Law). Bandung: Nusa Media.
Defender, M. Hudhari. (1980). Tarikh Tasyri 'al-Islamy. Trans. Mohammad Zuhri, History of Islamic Law Development. Indonesia: Dar al-Ihya.
Dainow, Joseph. (1966). “The Civil Law and the Common Law: Some Points of Comparison.” The American Journal of Comparative Law, 15(3), pp. 1966-1967.
Ainurrofiq. (ed.). (2002). Madzhab Yogya, Menggagas Paradigma Ushul Fiqh Kontemporer. Yogyakarta: Ar-Ruzz.
Hartono, Sunarjati. (1982). Kapita Selekta Perbandingan Hukum. Bandung: 1982.
Khallaf, Abdul Wahab. (2000). Khulasah Tarikh Tasyri 'al-Islami. trans. H. Ahyar Aminuddin. Perkembangan Sejarah Hukum Islam. Bandung: Loyal Pustaka.
Khan, Hamid. (2013). Islamic Law. US Institute of Peace: INPROL - International Network to Promote the Rule of Law.
Mertokusumo, Sudikno. (2009). Penemuan Hukum. Yogyakarta: Liberty.
Messitte, Judge Peter J. (1999). Common Law V. Civil Law System. Available at http://web.ntpu.edu.tw/~Markliu / common_v_civil.pdf> Accass date: 3 May 2018
National, Language Center Department of Education. (2008). Indonesian Dictionary. Jakarta: Ministry of National Education.
Sayis, Muhammad Ali. (2003). Tarikh al-fiqh al-Islamy. trans. Nurhadi, Sejarah Fikih Islam. Jakarta: Pustaka al-Kautsar.
Ash-Shidieqy, T.M. Hasbi. (1975). Dinamika dan Elastisitas Hukum Islam. Jakarta: Tintamas.
Sirry, Mun'im A. (1995). Sejarah Fiqih Islam: Sebuah Pengantar. Surabaya: Risalah Gusti.
Al-Syathibi. (WY). Al-Muwafaqat fi Ushul al-Shari'ah, Riyadh: Maktabah al-Riyadh al-Hadithah.
Tassopoulos, Ioannis A., The Legal System. Available at <http://video.minpress.gr/wwwminpress/aboutgreece/aboutgreece_legal_system.pdf> Accass date: 3 May 2018
Al-Zuhaili, Wahbah. (1986). Ushul al-Fiqh al-Islami. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.
How to Cite
Copyright of articles that appear in UMRAN - International Journal of Islamic and Civilizational Studies belongs exclusively to Penerbit Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (Penerbit UTM Press). This copyright covers the rights to reproduce the article, including reprints, electronic reproductions or any other reproductions of similar a nature.