Cultured Meat: Islamic and Other Religious Perspectives

Authors

  • Mohammad Naqib Hamdan Islamic Civilization Academy, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6212-7694
  • Mark Post (i) Department of Physiology, Maastricht University, Netherlands(ii) Mosa Meat, Besloten Vennootschap Ltd., Watermolen 28, 6229 PM, Maastricht, The Netherlands
  • Mohd Anuar Ramli Academy of Islamic Studies, Universiti Malaya, 50603 Kuala Lumpur
  • Mohd Khairy Kamarudin Islamic Civilization Academy, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor
  • Mohd Farhan Md Ariffin Research Centre for Quran and Sunnah, Faculty of Islamic Studies, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, Selangor
  • Nek Mohd Farid Zaman Huri Dindings Poultry Processing Sdn Bhd, Kampung Acheh Industrial Estate, 32000 Sitiawan, Perak.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/umran2021.8n2.475

Keywords:

cultured meat, religion perspective, science and technology, religion ethics

Abstract

Cultured meat is one of the most promising idea in food technology and it is expected to be in the market in the following years. One of the main obstacles is the acceptance of consumers that follow their religious teaching about food consumption, including meat. This article will discuss the religious perspectives on cultured meat, especially from the Islamic Law view. This study has implemented qualitative research and applied document analysis from the collected data of various sources. The result shows that there was high probability of cultured meat acceptance in the majority of the religions if the production complies with their religious meat dietary teaching. Further research must be done to investigate the acceptance of cultured meat among religious followers.

References

Abduh, M. (1993). Fi Tafsir al-Qur’an. In M. ’Imarah (Ed.), al-A’mal al-Kamilah li al-Imam al-Sheikh Muhammad Abduh (1st ed.). Cairo: Dar al-Shuruq.

Abu Hayyan, M. bin Y. (1993). al-Bahr al-Muhit. Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Al-Bassam, A. ‘Abdul R. (2003). Tawdih al-Ahkam min Bulugh al-Maram. Mekkah: Maktabah al-Ansari.

Al-Jassas, A. ’Ali al-R. (1984). Ahkam al-Qur’an. (M. al-S. Qamhawi, Ed.). Beirut: Dar Ihya’ al-Turath al-’Arabi.

Al-Qurtubi, M. A. A. B. (2006). Al-Jami‘ li Ahkam al-Qur’an. (A. bin ‘Abd al-M. Al-Turki, Ed.). Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalah.

Al-Razi, F. al-D. M. ibn ’Umar. (2000). Mafatih al-Ghayb (1st ed., Vol. 27). Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Al-Sa‘ati, A. ‘Abd ul R. al-B. (2006). Subul al-Salam Sharh Bulugh al-Maram. (M. N. al-D. Al-Albani, Ed.). Riyad: Maktabah al-Ma‘arif.

Al-Shawkani, M. A. (1992). Fath al-Qadir al-Jami’ bayn Fannai al-Riwayah wa al-Dirayah min ’Ilm al-Tafsir. (S. M. Al-Lahham, Ed.) (1st ed.). Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.

Al-Tabari, M. J. Y. (2000). Jami‘ al-Bayan ‘an Ta’wil Ayi al-Qur’an. (M. M. Shakir & A. M. Shakir, Eds.). Beirut: Muassasah al-Risalah.

Al-Tirmidhi, A. ’Isa M. bin ’Isa S. (2000). Sunan al-Tirmidhi. (S. bin ’Abd al-’Aziz Ali al-Sheikh, Ed.) (2nd ed.). Riyad: Dar al-Salam.

Al-Zamakhshari, M. ’Umar. (2009). Tafsir al-Kashshaf ’an Haqa’iq al-Tanzil wa ’Uyun al-Aqawil fi Wujuh al-Ta’wil. (K. Ma’mun, Ed.) (3th ed.). Beirut: Dar al-Ma’rifah.

Ambros. (2019). Partaking of Life: Buddhism, Meat-Eating, and Sacrificial Discourses of Gratitude in Contemporary Japan. Religions, 10(4), 279. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10040279

Anas, M. (1997). al-Muwatta’. (Bashshar ‘Awwad Ma‘ruf, Ed.). Beirut: Dar al-Gharb al-Islami.

Anonymous. (2020, March). Diet in Hinduism. Wikipedia.

Atiyyah, A. al-H. G. (2001). al-Muharrar al-Wajiz fi Tafsir al-Kitab al-’Aziz. (A. al-S. A. Al-Shafi, Ed.) (1st ed.). Beirut: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyyah.

Auta, A., Strickland-Hodge, B., & Maz, J. (2017). There is still a case for a generic qualitative approach in some pharmacy practice research. Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy, 13(1), 266–268.

Aziz, Y. A., & Chok, N. V. (2013). The Role of Halal Awareness, Halal Certification, and Marketing Components in Determining Halal Purchase Intention Among Non-Muslims in Malaysia: A Structural Equation Modeling Approach. Journal of International Food & Agribusiness Marketing, 25(1), 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1080/08974438.2013.723997

Banis, D. (2018, October). How Israel Became The Most Promising Land For Clean Meat. Forbes.

Ben-Arye, T., & Levenberg, S. (2019). Tissue Engineering for Clean Meat Production. Frontiers in Sustainable Food Systems, 3. https://doi.org/10.3389/fsufs.2019.00046

Blech, Z. Y. (2009). Kosher Food Production. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9780813804750

Bose, A. (2016, June). Vegetarian India A Myth? Survey Shows Over 70% Indians Eat Non-Veg, Telangana Tops List. Huffingtonpost.

Bowen, G. A. (2009). Document analysis as a qualitative research method. Qualitative Research Journal, 9(2), 27–40. https://doi.org/10.3316/QRJ0902027

Brahmavamso, A. (1990, June). What the Buddha Said About Eating Mea. Urbandharma.Org.

Brattston, D. W. T. (n.d.). It is not a sin for Christians to eat test tube meat and genetically modified foods!

Braun, V., & Clarke, V. (2006). Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77–101. https://doi.org/10.1191/1478088706qp063oa

Bryant, C., & Barnett, J. (2018). Consumer acceptance of cultured meat: A systematic review. Meat Science, 143, 8–17. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.meatsci.2018.04.008

Bryant C. J. (2020). Culture, meat, and cultured meat. Journal of Animal Science, 98(8), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1093/jas/skaa172

Chriki, S., & Hocquette, J. F. (2020). The Myth of Cultured Meat: A Review. Frontiers in Nutrition, 7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2020.00007

Churchill, W. (1932). Thoughts and Adventures. London: Thornton Butterworth.

Cohen, M. S. Y. A. (2018). Dietary Law; Hinduism. In Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, inc.

Do Buddhists Eat Meat? (2017). Buddism Zone.

Editors, T. (2018, October). Is Lab Grown Meat Ethical? The Daily Englightment.

Elo, S., Kääriäinen, M., Kanste, O., Polkki, T., Utriainen, K., & Kyngas, H. (2014). Qualitative Content Analysis: A Focus on Trustworthiness. SAGE Open, 4(1), 1–10.

Foodie, J. (2011). Jain Food Restrictions. JainFoodie.Com.

Gross, R. (2014, September). How will religious authorities deal with lab-grown meat? Genetic Literacy Project.

Hamdan, M. N., Post, M. J., Ramli, M. A., & Mustafa, A. R. (2018). Cultured Meat in Islamic Perspective. Journal of Religion and Health, 57(6), 2193–2206. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10943-017-0403-3

Hanna L. Tuomisto, Marianne J. Ellis, & Palle Haastrup. (2014). Environmental impacts of cultured meat: alternative production scenarios. In Rita Schenck & Douglas Huizenga (Eds.), Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Life Cycle Assessment in the Agri-Food Sector (LCA Food 2014), 1360–1366. San Francisco: ACLCA, Vashon, WA.

Heneghan, T. (2013, August). Religions asking if test-tube burgers allow them to keep the faith. Reuters.

Hodgson, J. (1995). To Treat or Not to Treat: That Is the Question for Serum. Nature Biotechnology, 13(4), 334–337. https://doi.org/10.1038/nbt0495-333

Hossain, M. S. (2019). Consumption of Stem Cell Meat: An Islamic Perspective. IIUM Law Journal LJ, 27(1), 233–257. https://doi.org/10.31436/iiumlj.v27i1.384

Ibn al-’Arabi, M. ’Abdullah. (1976). Ahkam al-Qur’an. (A. M. Al-Bijawi, Ed.) (2nd ed.). Kaherah: Matba’ah ’Isa al-Babi al-Halabi.

Ibn Kathir, I. U. (1999). Tafsir al-Qur’an al-‘Azim. (S. bin M. Al-Salamah, Ed.). Riyad: Dar Tibah.

Ionat Zurr, & Oron Catts. (2017). Tissue Engineering for Art, Design, and Other Cultural Artifacts. In J. P. Vacanti (Ed.), Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine (1st ed., pp. 147–157). United States: Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

JAKIM, J. K. I. M. (2019). The Recognised Foreign Halal Certification Bodies and Authorities. Putrajaya.

Jagadeesan, P., Salem, S. (2020). Religious and Regulatory concerns of animal free meat and milk. Science Open Preprints, 10.14293/S2199-1006.1.SOR-.PP7B21S.v1

Joanna Sugden, & Aditi Malhotra. (2013, August). In India, Lab-Grown Beef Still Taboo. The Wall Street Journal.

JTA, & TOI. (2018, March). Rabbi: Lab-grown pork could be kosher for Jews to eat – with milk. The Time of Israel.

Kenigsberg, J. A., Zivotofsky, A. Z. (2020). A Jewish Religious Perspective on Cellular Agriculture. Frontier Sustainable Food System, 3(128), 1-6https://doi.org/10.3389/fsufs.2019.00128

Krautwirth, R. (2018, May). Will Lab-Grown Meat Find It’s Way to Your Table? The Yeshiva University Observer.

Kuwait, W. M. (1986). al-Dhaba’ih. In al-Mawsu‘ah al-Fiqhiyyah al-Kuwaitiyyah , 171–204. Dhat al-Salasil.

Liu, X., Huang, J., Chen, T., Wang, Y., Xin, S., Li, J., … Kang, J. (2008). Yamanaka factors critically regulate the developmental signaling network in mouse embryonic stem cells. Cell Research, 18(12), 1177–1189. https://doi.org/10.1038/cr.2008.309

Mark J. Post, & van der Weele. (2013). Principles of Tissue Engineering for Food. In Robert Lanza, Robert Langer, & Joseph Vacanti (Eds.), Principles of Tissue Engineering , 4, 1647–165. Elsevier.

Matt Stefon, & Yehudi A. Cohen. (2018). Dietary Law; Christianity. In Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, inc.

Mattick, C. S., Landis, A. E., Allenby, B. R., & Genovese, N. J. (2015). Anticipatory Life Cycle Analysis of In Vitro Biomass Cultivation for Cultured Meat Production in the United States. Environmental Science & Technology, 49(19), 11941–11949. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.est.5b01614

McCaffree, J. (2002). Dietary Restrictions of Other Religions. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 102(7), 912. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0002-8223(02)90212-9

Naqib Hamdan, M., & Anuar Ramli, M. (2015). Konsep Mengubah Ciptaan Allah SWT: Analisis Hukum Pengkulturan Daging. Jurnal INFAD.

Post, M. J. (2014). An alternative animal protein source: cultured beef. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1328(1), 29–33. https://doi.org/10.1111/nyas.12569

Project, S. (2016). Cultured meat fit for Buddhist cuisine? Medium.Com. https://medium.com/shojin-meat/in-vitro-meat-fit-for-buddhist-cuisine-d6321ca46b68

Reda, M. R. A. (1990). Tafsir al-Mannar. Kaherah: al-Hai’ah al-Misriyyah al-’Ammah.

Regenstein, J. M., Chaudry, M. M., & Regenstein, C. E. (2003). The Kosher and Halal Food Laws. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety, 2(3), 111–127. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1541-4337.2003.tb00018.x

Resse, J. (2018). The Expanding Moral Circle. In The End of Animal Farming, 1, 14. Massachusetts: Beacon Press.

Siegel, S., & Syemour Siegel. (1966). The Jewish dietary laws (2nd ed.). New York: The Burning Bush Press.

Tieman, M., & Hassan, F. H. (2015). Convergence of food systems: Kosher, Christian and Halal. British Food Journal, 117(9), 2313–2327. https://doi.org/10.1108/BFJ-02-2015-0058

Truth, T. (n.d.). Does the Bible restrict what foods Christians should eat?

van der Valk, J., Brunner, D., De Smet, K., Fex Svenningsen, Å., Honegger, P., Knudsen, L. E., Gstraunthaler, G. (2010). Optimization of chemically defined cell culture media – Replacing fetal bovine serum in mammalian in vitro methods. Toxicology in Vitro, 24(4), 1053–1063. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tiv.2010.03.016

Young, P. (2019). The Victorians caused the meat eating crisis the world faces today – but they might help us solve it.

Downloads

Published

2021-06-29

How to Cite

Hamdan, M. N., Post, M., Ramli, M. A., Kamarudin, M. K., Md Ariffin, M. F., & Zaman Huri, N. M. F. (2021). Cultured Meat: Islamic and Other Religious Perspectives. UMRAN - International Journal of Islamic and Civilizational Studies, 8(2), 11–19. https://doi.org/10.11113/umran2021.8n2.475

Issue

Section

Islamic Studies