Ongoing IS Radical Ideology in Malaysia: Factors and Counter Strategies

Authors

  • Siti Zubaidah Abu Bakar Islamic Civilization Academy, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor
  • Mohd Mizan Aslam School of Human Development and Techno-Communication, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 01000 Kangar, Perlis

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/umran2019.6n3.362

Keywords:

Ideology, National Security, Radical Islam, Salafi Jihadi, Takfiri

Abstract

Malaysia has long been recognized for its ability to manage threats from Islamic radical movements by overcoming significant obstacles and major challenges to national security. Although many movements have been banned and appropriate actions taken, Islamic radicalism nevertheless persists and appears on the rise. This study identifies factors associated with its persistence despite years of efforts to hinder or eradicate Islamic radicalism. Using qualitative historical sociology, the author used several resources for this analysis, including interviews and literature. Findings reveal four major factors that allow Salafi Jihadi ideology to prosper: a false reading of jihad, personal inclinations, political pressure, and globalization. Government actions countering this threat include declaring Malaysia an Islamic state; deradicalization and rehabilitation programs; national think tanks, prohibiting fatwas; introducing the concept of wasatiyyah; and implementation of counter narratives. Although the ideology cannot be completely eradicated, actions taken have managed to contain the contagion and also prevent major threats to national security.

Author Biographies

Siti Zubaidah Abu Bakar, Islamic Civilization Academy, Faculty of Social Sciences and Humanities, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310 UTM Johor Bahru, Johor

PhD Student of Academy of Islamic Civilization, 

Universiti Teknologi Malaysia

Mohd Mizan Aslam, School of Human Development and Techno-Communication, Universiti Malaysia Perlis, 01000 Kangar, Perlis

ASSOC. PROFESSOR

UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA PERLIS

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Published

2019-10-21

How to Cite

Abu Bakar, S. Z., & Aslam, M. M. (2019). Ongoing IS Radical Ideology in Malaysia: Factors and Counter Strategies. UMRAN - International Journal of Islamic and Civilizational Studies, 6(3), 115–125. https://doi.org/10.11113/umran2019.6n3.362

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Section

Islamic Studies