Issues On Waqf Land Registration Process In Malaysia And Improvement Proposals


  • Noor Azimah Ghazali Faculty of Built Environment and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Johor, Malaysia
  • Ibrahim @ Atan Sipan Faculty of Built Environment and Surveying, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, 81310, Johor, Malaysia
  • Fauziah Raji University of Reading, Johor, Malaysia
  • Mohammad Tahir Sabit Haji Mohammad Faculty of Law, International Islamic University Malaysia, IIUM



Waqf, land, registration, process


Religious aspect of charity is connected closely with Islamic endowment (waqf plural awqaf) and becomes a key Islamic institution within the Muslim world for more than a millennium. Globally including Malaysia, waqf widely relates to land and buildings. Under Islamic Law the land or any property declared by individuals to become waqf is considered binding and valid as soon as the donor implies or expresses the intention clearly. There are 5 valid elements (rukn) of waqf declaration under Islamic Law. However, under Malaysian Land Law, waqf properties need to be registered at Land Office after a waqf declaration at State Islamic Religious Council (SIRC). The rational is to ensure land indefeasible ownership under National Land Code (NLC) 1965. However, there are few issues in the procedure existed. Therefore, this paper highlights nine issues from organisation and the donors involved in registration process of waqf land and suggesting nine improvement proposals by State Islamic Religious Council Johor. The approach adopted is ‘Content Analyses and ‘System Approach’. 


Afendi M. & Sayuti (2012), Implikasi Perundangan Terhadap Pendaftaran Tanah Wakaf Malaysia. Satu Kajian Dari Aspek Akta Pengambilan Tanah. Retrieved from: Http://Www.Scribd.Com/Doc/81330622/Implikasi-Pendaftaran-Tanah-Wakaf

Ali, A. (2009). Waqf Continued Relevance as the Third Sector in Terms of Mobilizing Resources for Productive Use in an Islamic Economic System. The Global University in Islamic Finance, Malaysia: Islamic Capital Market. FN 6603. 11

Augustinus, C. (2005). Islam, Land & Property Research Series Paper 7: Waqf (Endowment) and Islamic Philanthropy. Retrieved from:

Chepkwony, K. C. (2008). Islamic Philanthropy the Case of Waqf in Poverty Alleviation and Social Economic Development. Bologna University. (unpublished).

Crossman A. (2017) An overview to Chaos Theory in Sociology. ThoughtCo. Dotdash Press Publisher. Retrieved from:

Esmaeili, H. (2010) “The Relationship Between the Waqf Institution inIslamic Law and the Rule of Law in the Middle East.” Flinders University, Australia

Farrar J. H. (1997). “Reasoning by Analogy in the Law”. Bond University. 9(2).pp.30

G Rethinasamy Lwn Majlis Ugama Islam, Pulau Pinang Dan Satu Yang Lain, [1993] 2 Mlj 166 (Court Case)

Haji Embong Bin Ibrahim & Ors V Tengku Nik Maimunah Hajjah Binte Almarhum Sultan Zainal Abidin & Anor, [1980] 1 Mlj 286 (Court Case)

Hamid, A. M. I. and Tahir, M. S. M. (2014) Waqf Property – Concept, Management, Development, and Financing. Skudai: UTM Press Publisher.

Husain A. (2014). Muslim Personal Law. An Exposition- All India Personal Law Board. Uttar Pradesh, India: Open source. Retrieved from:

Jamil K. (2012) Pekeliling Pengarah Tanah dan Galian Selangor Bilangan 3/2012, in: J. T. G. Persekutuan (Ed.), Selangor. pp. 11.

Kahf, M. (2012). Kinds and Objectives of Islamic Waqf. Role of Waqf In Sustainable Development. Retrieved from:

Kamali M.H. (1998). Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence, Kuala Lumpur, The Islamic Texts Society. ISBN10 0946621829.

Khassaf A. B. A. (1904). Kitab Ahkam al-Awqaf. Cairo: Diwan ‘Umum al-Awqaf al-Misriyyah.

Knight A. & Ruddox L., (2008). Advance Research Methods In The Built Enviroment, United Kingdom, Wiley-Blackwell.

Mahamood S.M. (2007). “Pembentukan Dana Wakaf Menurut Perspektif Syariah Dan Undang- Undang serta Aplikasinya di Malaysia”. Jurnal Syariah, 15(2)

Majlis Agama Islam Selangor (Mais) V Bong Boon Chuen & Ors [2008] 6 Mlj 48 (Court Case)

Mohamad N.A., (2012). Waqf Lands And Challenges From The Legal Perspectives In Malaysia, In Iium-Toyo Joint Symposium, I.I. University, Editor, Ahmad Ibrahim Kuliyyah Of Laws: Malaysia

Mohamood S.M. (2006). Waqf in Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, University of Malaya Press.

Omar M.M. (2013). “Isu Pentadbiran Tanah Wakaf Dalam Konteks Ktn 1965 Dan Pejabat Tanah Dan Galian Negeri Sembilan”. Jurnal Pentadbiran Tanah

Osman Z. (2008). “Accountability in Managing Waqf Properties: The Case of Two States Religious Councils in Malaysia”. School Of Management, Royal Holloway University of London. Doctor of Philosophy: Royal Holloway University of London, p. 348.

Pacific, U.O.S. (2003). Principles Relating to the Interpretation of Statutes and Constitutions. Port Vila, Vanuatu: PacLII. Retrieved from: LA304_Unit%203.html

Qudamah, I. A. (1947). al-Mughni li-Ibn Qudamah. Manchester University, United Kingdom: Copac. 567-68. Retrieved from:

Rahaman C. M. S. et. al, (2011). “Economics Of Cash Waqf Management In Malaysia: A Proposed Cash Waqf Model For Practitioners And Future Researchers”. African Journal of Business Management, Vol. 5

Ramli, M.I.A. (1938). Nihayat al-Muhtaj, Cairo: Open source. 368

Rukmana S. (2010). Profesionalisme Nazhir Dalam Pemeliharaan Dan Pengembangan Aset- Aset Wakaf Produktif, Fakultas Syariah Dan Hukum Uin Syarif Hidayatullah: Jakarta

Mohammad, M. T. S. H. (2013), A proposal for a new comprehensive Waqf law in Malaysia. Retrieved from Malaysia.pdf

Kader S.A., Zubaidah S., Dahlan M., Hilal N. (2009) Current legal issues concerning awqaf in Malaysia. In: International Conference. Waqf Laws & Management: Reality and Prospects. Cultural Activity Centre (CAC), International Islamic University Malaysia, Gombak Campus.

Shafie, M.I. (1961). Al-Umm. Cairo: Dār al-Shaʻb. Retrieved from:




How to Cite

Ghazali, N. A., Sipan, I. @ A., Raji, F., & Haji Mohammad, M. T. S. (2019). Issues On Waqf Land Registration Process In Malaysia And Improvement Proposals. UMRAN - International Journal of Islamic and Civilizational Studies, 6(3), 57–71.