Pelaksanaan Program Pembangunan Modal Insan (PMI) di institusi Pengurusan Hal Ehwal Islam (PHEI): Kajian Kes di Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia (JAKIM) (Implementation of Human Capital Development Program at the Institutions of Islamic Affairs Management: A Case Study at Department of Islamic Development Malaysia (JAKIM))

Authors

  • Sa’adi Awang Bahagian Pendidikan, Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia (JAKIM), Aras 5, Blok B, Kompleks Islam Putrajaya, No. 23, Jalan Tunku Abdul Rahman, Presint 3, 62100 Putrajaya
  • Siti Arni Basir Jabatan Siasah Syar’iyyah, Akademi Pengajian Islam, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur
  • Hasan Al-Banna Mohamed Pusat Jaminan Kualiti dan Pengurusan Data, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kem Sungai Besi

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.11113/umran2019.6n3.274

Keywords:

Human capital development, program, institutions of Islamic Affairs Management, JAKIM, case study

Abstract

Human capital is an important asset for the survival of organization. Poor human capital are not able to contribute effectively to the development of organization. Therefore, human capital must be developed through appropriate programs so that their potential can be harnessed to maximum level. Institutions of Islamic Affairs Management plays an important role in Malaysia. These institutions need competent human capital to ensure quality of services delivered are in accordance with customer expectations. However, human capital competency in the institutions of Islamic Affairs Management is still questionable. Literature shows that empirical studies about human capital development programs in the institutions of Islamic Affairs Management is sorely lacking. Therefore, the objective of this study is to explore the implementation of human capital development programs in the institution of JAKIM. This study employed qualitative methods using the JAKIM as case study organisation. A total of 15 informants were interviewed in this study. Data were analysed using thematic analysis which is facilitated by ATLAS ti software. The results showed there are 5 human capital development programs implemented in JAKIM that is training, education and knowledge, human resource management, quality and work experiences. The results also shows all the programs have been well implemented. The administrators either in public or private sector can use these findings as a guide to implement human capital development programs in their organisations effectively.

Author Biographies

Sa’adi Awang, Bahagian Pendidikan, Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia (JAKIM), Aras 5, Blok B, Kompleks Islam Putrajaya, No. 23, Jalan Tunku Abdul Rahman, Presint 3, 62100 Putrajaya

JABATAN SIASAH SYAR'IYYAH

AKADEMI PENGAJIAN ISLAM

UNIVERSITI MALAYA

50603 KUALA LUMPUR

Siti Arni Basir, Jabatan Siasah Syar’iyyah, Akademi Pengajian Islam, Universiti Malaya, Kuala Lumpur

JABATAN SIASAH SYAR'IYYAH

AKADEMI PENGAJIAN ISLAM

UNIVERSITI MALAYA

50603 KUALA LUMPUR

Hasan Al-Banna Mohamed, Pusat Jaminan Kualiti dan Pengurusan Data, Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia, Kem Sungai Besi

Pusat Jaminan Kualiti dan Pengurusan Data
Universiti Pertahanan Nasional Malaysia
Kem Sungai Besi

57000 Kuala Lumpur

References

Ab. Aziz Yusof. (2015). Penilaian Prestasi Dari Perspektif Islam. Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Abd Rahman Ahmad. (2006). Pembangunan Modal Insan, Apa dan Kenapa Perlu Dalam Konteks Organisasi di Malaysia. Kedah: Human Resources Academy. 21.

Abdifatah Ahmed Haji. (2016). Trend of Hidden Values and use of Intellectual Capital Information: Evidence from Malaysia. Accounting Research Journal, 29(1), 81-105.

Abdullah Md. Zin. (2011). Perubahan Sistem Pentadbiran Islam di Malaysia Sejak Merdeka, Kini dan Masa Hadapan. Prosiding Seminar Perubahan Sistem Pengurusan Islam di Malaysia. Penerbit Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia USIM, 1-32.

Adedeji, O., S. and Campbell, O., A. (2013). The Role of Higher Education in Human Capital Development in Nigeria. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2380878. Diakses pada 3 Januari 2017.

Adedipe, C.O. and Adeleke, B.O. (2016). Human Capital Development in the Nigerian Hospitality Industry. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 8(2), 195-206.

Adnan Non dan Nor ‘Azzah Kamri. (2013). Pendekatan Pembangunan Modal Insan Menurut Perspektif Islam: Satu Sorotan Teoritis. Prosiding International Convention on Islamic Management. 27 & 28 November 2013 Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur.

Arabsheibani, G.R., Carneiro and F.C, Hanley, A. (2014). Human Capital and Earning Inequality in Brazil, 1988-1998: Quintile Regression Evidence. Worlds Bank Policy Research Working Paper. Available at http://econ.worldbank.org.

Ballout. H.I., (2007). Career Success The Effects Of Human Capital, Person-Environment Fit And Organizational Support. Journal of Managerial Psychology, 22(8), 741-765.

Becker, B.E. and Huselid, M.A., (2006). Strategic Human Resources Management: Where Do We Go From Here?. Journal of Management, 32(6), 898-925.

Becker, G. (1962). Investment in Human Capital: A Theoretical Analysis. The Journal of Political Economy, 70(5), 9-49.

Biswajit Maitra. (2016). Investment in Human Capital and Economic Growth in Singapore. Global Business Review, 17(2), 425-437.

Braun, V., and Clarke, V. (2006). Using Thematic Analysis in Psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2), 77-101.

Christopher Olusegun Adedipe and Bola Olusola Adeleke. (2016). Human Capital Development in The Nigerian Hospitality Industry. Worldwide Hospitality and Tourism Themes, 8(2), 195-206.

Cohen, L., Manion, L., and Morrison, K. (2013). Research Methods in Education. Routledge.

Colbert, B.A. (2004). The Complex Resource-based View: Implications For Theory and Practice In Strategic Human Resource Management. Academy of Management Review, 29(3), 341-358.

Cortés, E.C., Sáez, P.C.Z., Manchón, H.M. and García. M.U. (2015). Intellectual Capital in Family Firms: Human Capital Identification and Measurement. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 16(1), 199-223.

Daeboug, K. (2009). Human Capital and its Measurement. OECD World Forum.

Darul Quran (2016). Boleh didapati di http://www.darulquran.gov.my/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=632&Itemid=130.

Enrique Claver-Cortés, Patrocinio Carmen Zaragoza-Sáez, Hipólito Molina-Manchón and Mercedes Úbeda-García. (2015). Intellectual Capital in Family Firms: Human Capital Identification and Measurement. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 16(1), 199-223.

Fatimah Nadirah Mohd Noor dan Nor Hayati Md Dahlal. (2015). Konsep Modal Insan Dalam Perlembagaan Itqanul Muluk Bi Takdil As-Suluk. Journal of Human Capital Development, 8(2), 101-114.

Felicio, J.A., Couto, E. and Caiado, J., (2014). Human Capital, Sosial Capital and Organizational Performance. Management Decision, 52(2), 350-364.

Gjalt De Jong. (2015). The Impact of Social and Human Capital on Individual Cooperative Behaviour. Critical Perspectives on International Business, 11(1), 4-29.

Guangqiang Liu, Lirang Pang, Dongmin Kong. (2017). Effects Of Human Capital On The Relationship Between Export And Firm Innovation. Chinese Management Studies, 11(2), 1-35.

Hairunnizam Wahid and Sanep Ahmad. (2014). Faktor Mempengaruhi Tahap Keyakinan Agihan Zakat. Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia, 48(2), 41 – 50.

Hong, Philip Young P. and Pandey, S. (2007). Human Capital as Structural Vulnerability of US Poverty. Equal Oportunities International, 26(1), 18-43.

J. Augusto, Eduardo Couto and Jorge Caiado. (2014). Human Capital, Sosial Capital and Organizational Performance. Management Decision, 52(2), 350-364.

Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia. (2009). Pelan Strategik JAKIM 2015 hingga 2019. Penerbit Jabatan Kemajuan Islam, Malaysia.

JAKIM (2015). Boleh didapati di http://www.islam.gov.my/berita-semasa/15-bahagian-dakwah/7-JAKIM-rangkul-4-anugerah-hari-inovasi-dan-kecemerlangan-jpm. Diakses pada 15 Mei 2018.

JAKIM (2016). Boleh didapati di http://www.halal.gov.my/v4/index.php/my/arkib-berita/30-JAKIM-terima-anugerah-sme-sahabat-negara-award-2013. Diakses pada 15 Mei 2018.

JAKIM (2016). Boleh didapati di http://www.islam.gov.my/berita-semasa/14-bahagian-pembangunan-insan/384-sesi-penyerahan-surat-perakuan-memenuhi-keperluan-kualiti. Diakses pada 15 Mei 2018.

Kamal M. F. M., Affandi H. M., Hassan P. F., Ismail Z. and Mat M. C. (2017). A Comparative Study of Malaysian Public Project Management Training. Pertanika Journal Social Science and Humanities, 25 (S), 111 – 118.

Kaufman, B.E. and Miller, B.I. (2011). The Firm’s Choice of HRM Practices: Economics Meets Strategic Human Resource Management. Industrial & Labor Relations Review, 64(3), 526-557.

Khadijah Alavi, Rahim M. Sail, Lukman Abdul Mutalib, Anwar Ahmad, Shamsul Shah Tarjo and Nor Ellina Abdul Razak. (2013). Malaysian Graduates of Middle-Eastern Universities: Perspectives on Human Capital Development. Pertanika Journal Social Science and Humanities, 21, 79-92.

Khadijah Mohd Khambali @ Hambali, Nor Adina Binti Abdul Kadir, Khairul Anuar Bin Mohd Amin Khir. (2011). Relevensi Pemikiran Ibn Khaldun Terhadap Kemahiran Insaniah Dalam Pengurusan Pembangunan Modal Insan. Jurnal Usuludin, 34, 21-46. Universiti Malaya Press

Khalique, M., Bontis, N., Shaari, J.A.N. and Isa, A.H.B. (2015). Intellectual Capital in Small and Medium Enterprises in Pakistan. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 16(1), 224-238.

Kwame Adom and Irene Tiwaa Asare-Yeboa. (2016). An Evaluation of Human Capital Theory and Female Entrepreneurship in Sub-Sahara Africa. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 8(4), 402-423.

Kwon, D. B. (2009). Human Capital and its Measurement. In Proc. The 3rd OECD World Forum on Statistics, Knowledge and Policy: 6-7.

Lai Wei Sieng and Ishak Yussof.(2014). Human Capital Accumulation and Economic Growth in Malaysia Investigating the Long Run Nexus. Jurnal Ekonomi Malaysia, 48(1), 155-165.

Laman Web JAKIM. (2018). http://www.islam.gov.my/berita-semasa/31-bahagian-penyelarasan-undang-undang/135-sistem-penarafan-penguatkuasaan-dan-pendakwaan-syariah-jain-seluruh-malaysia. Diakses pada 14 Ogos 2018.

Laman Web JAKIM. (2018). Sistem Penarafan Penguatkusaan dan Pendakwaan Syariah JAIN seluruh Malaysia, dari internet: http://www.islam.gov.my/berita-semasa/31-bahagian-penyelarasan-undang-undang/135-sistem-penarafan- penguatkuasaan-dan-pendakwaan-syariah-jain-seluruh-Malaysia. Diakses pada 14 Ogos 2018

Les, P. (2005). Optimizing Human Capital: Human Resource and People Management in Action. Emerald group publishing limited, 37(6), 299-303.

Lim, C.C.C., Chan, C.C.A. and Dallimore. P. (2010). Perceptions of Human Capital Measures: From Corporate Executives and Investors. Journal of Business Psychology, 25(4), 673-688.

Lokman Ab. Rahman, (2012). Penilaian Terhadap Pelaksanaan Persijilan Halal Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia (JAKIM). Tesis PhD, Akademi Pengajian Islam Universiti Malaya.

M. F. M. Kamal, H. M. Affandi, P. F. Hassan, Z. Ismail and M. C. Mat. (2017). A Comparative Study of Malaysian Public Project Management Training. Pertanika Journal Social Science & Humanities, 25(S), 111-118. UPM Press

Mahmood Zuhdi Hj Abd. Majid. (2012). Persepsi Terhadap Pengurusan Hal Ehwal Islam di Malaysia: Harapan dan Kenyataan. Kertas pembentangan sempena Konvensyen Perkhidmatan Hal Ehwal Malaysia 2012 di Institut Latihan Islam Malaysia (ILIM), Bangi.

Md. Faruk Abdullah, (2012). The Role of Islam in Human Capital Development: A Juristic Analysis. Humanomics, 28(1), 64-75.

Mehralian, G., Akhavan, P., Hamid Reza Rasekh, H.R. and Ghatari, A.R. (2013). A Framework for Human Capital Indicators in Knowledge-Based Industries: Evidence From Pharmaceutical Industry. Measuring Business Excellence, 17(4), 88-101.

Michel Ferrary. (2015). Investing in Transferable Strategic Human Capital Through Alliances in the Luxury Hotel Industry. Journal of Knowledge Management, 19(5), 1007-1028.

Mohamed I.M., Mahazan, A.M., Adel M. A. and Mikail, I. (2017). Exploring the Role of Human Resource Management Practices on Labour Productivity in Libyan National Oil Corporations. Pertanika Journal Social Science and Humanities, 25 (1), 317 – 336.

Mohd Fauzi Hamat dan Mohd Khairul Naim Che Nordin. (2012). Tinjauan Kepentingan Pembangunan Modal Insan Di Malaysia. Jurnal Al-Tamaddun, 7(1), 75-89.

Mohd Kamal bin Hassan. (2013). Human Capital Management and Development in Light of the Contemporary Civilisational Crises, Ucaptama dalam International Convention on Islamic Management 2013. Anjuran Jabatan Syariah dan Pengurusan, APIUM dengan kerjasama YaPIEM pada 27 dan 28 Nov. 2013.

Muhamad Alihanafiah Norasid. (2011). Manhaj Rabbani oleh Sa‘id Hawwa terhadap Pembangunan Modal Insan: Satu Analisis. Jurnal Usuludin, 33, 91-114. Kuala Lumpur: Universiti Malaya Press.

Muhammad Hilmi Jalil dan Fakhrul Adabi Abdul Kadir. (2013). Kepentingan Kesihatan Diri Dalam Pembangunan Insan: Analisis Karya Falsafah Hamka. Jurnal Hadhari. 5(2), 69-84. JAKIM & UKM Press.

Murwani, I. A. and Caesar, L. A. Y. (2016). Academic Achievement, Self-Efficacy, and Career Aspirations as the Predictors of Career Success for a First Job. Pertanika Journal Social Science and Humanities, 24 (S), 163 – 176.

Navarro, J.G.C., Carrion, G.C. and Wensley, A. (2015). Negative Aspects of Counter-knowledge on Absorptive Capacity and Human Capital. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 16(4), 763-778.

Nik Mutasim Nik Ab. Rahman, Nur Atiqah Abdullah, Khairul Akmaliah Adham dan Norazila Mat. (2014). Managerial Competencies: Comparing Conventional and Islamic Perspectives. Jurnal Pengurusan, 41, 91-99. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (UKM)

Nor ‘Azzah Kamri dan Nurul Izzah Mat Hassan. 2011. Perubahan Pentadbiran Islam Melalui Pembudayaan Nilai dan Etika Islam. Prosiding Seminar Perubahan Sistem Pengurusan Islam di Malaysia, Penerbit Universiti Sains Islam Malaysia USIM 2011: 33-50.

Pelan Strategik JAKIM 2009-2014. (2009). Terbitan Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia

Pelan Strategik JAKIM 2015-2019. (2015). Terbitan Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia.

Perancangan Eksekutif JAKIM (2016).Terbitan Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia

Philip Law. (2010). Gaming Outcome of Accountants and Human Capital Theory: Macau Evidence. Management Research Review, 33 (12), 1174-1186.

Ployhart, R.E. and Moliterno, T.P. (2011). Emergence of the Human Capital Resource: A Multilevel Model. Academy of Management Review, 36(1), 127-150.

Prime Minister Office (PMO). (2013). Available at www.gov.my/modalinsan/index.html.

Rahmah Ismail, Ishak Yussof dan Mohd Nasir Mohd Saukani. (2011). Modal Insan dan Agihan Pendapatan di Malaysia. (Penerbit Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. Bangi).

Samson, A.J. and Timothy. G. (2014). Effects of Human Resource Training and Development on Productivity in the Nigerian Hospitality Industry. International Journal of Public Administration and Management Research, 2(2), 80-87.

Schultz, T.W., (1961). Investment in Human Capital. American Economic Review, 51(1), 1-17.

Schultz. (1961). Capital Formation by Education. Journal of Political Economy, 571-583.

Sedek Ariffin. (2012). Kaedah Menghafal al-Qur'an di Institusi Tahfiz al-Qur'an di Malaysia: Kajian Perbandingan di Antara Kaedah Darul Quran, JAKIM Dengan Kaedah al-Huffaz. Tesis Ph.D. Jabatan al-Quran dan al-Hadith. Akademi Pengajian Islam, Universiti Malaya.

Siti Arni Basir, Hasan Al-Banna Mohamed, Sharifah Hayaati Syed Ismail dan Ilhaamie Abdul Ghani Azmi. (2016). Model Integrasi Faktor Insaniah dalam Pelaksanaan ISO 9000: Analisis dari Perspektif Islam. Jurnal Usuluddin, 43, 137-170.

Siti Fatimah Abdullah, Maryati Mohd Yusof dan Dian Indrayani Jambari. (2016). Model Pengurusan Risiko Perancangan Sistem Maklumat di Sektor Awam. Jurnal Pengurusan, 48, 149-160. Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. 16 pages,. Galley Proof.

Siti Fatimah Ahmad dan Maimun Aqsha Lubis. (2015). Islam hadhari Dalam Pendidikan Pembangunan Modal Insan di Malaysia: Satu Analisa Epistimologi. Jurnal Hadhari, 7 (1), 1-18. JAKIM & UKM Press.

Siti Nur Aisya Sugumarie bt Abdullah dan Ahmad Zabidi b Abdul Razak . (2016). Hubungan Dasar Latihan Dalam Perkhidmatan Dengan Peningkatan Profesionalisme Guru-Guru Pendidikan Islam Sekolah Menengah Daerah Petaling Utama. Online journal of Islamic Education, 4(1), 17-27.

Sylwester, K. (2000). Income Inequality, Education Expenditures and Growth. Journal of Development Economic, 63, 379-398.

Trudi Wright. (2013). Information Culture in a Government Organization. Records Management Journal. 23(1), 14-36.

Unger, J. M., Rauch, A., Frese, M., and Rosenbusch, N. (2011). Human Capital and Entrepreneurial Success: A Meta-Analytical Review. Journal of Business Venturing, 26, 341-358.

Utusan Malaysia. (2014). Jangan Salahkan JAKIM. Boleh didapati di http://ww1.utusan.com.my/utusan/Rencana/20140601/re_02/Jangan-salahkan JAKIM#ixzz4MvrpSlBC. Diakses pada 15 Mei 2018.

Venhorst Viktor, Jouke Van Dijk and Wissen, L. V. (2010). Do The Best Graduates Leave The Peripheral Areas of The Netherlands?. Tijdschrift Voor Economische En Sociale Geografie, 101(5), 521-537.

Wright, T. (2013). Information Culture in a Government Organization. Records Management Journal, 23(1), 14-36.

Yao Li-gen, Chen Juan. 2008. Study on the Evaluation of Core Competence of Corporation Based on the Human Capital. International Workshop on Modelling, Simulation and Optimization. The IEEE Computer Society, 65-68.

Zainudin Hashim, Fakhrul Adabi Abdul Kadir dan Yusmini Md. Yusoff. (2015). Pendekatan Hasan Al-Banna Dalam Pembangunan Insan Menerusi Majmu’at Al-Rasail. Jurnal Hadhari, 7(2), 49-62. JAKIM & UKM Press.

Zamri bin Zainal Abidin, Rosli bin Mokhtar, Fakhri bin Sungit. (2016). Maqasid As-Syariah Dalam Indeks Syariah Malaysia, Muzakarah Fiqh & International Fiqh Conference, 221-236.

Zula, Kenneth J. dan Thomas J. Chermack. (2007). Human Capital Planning: A Review of Literature and Implications for Human Resource Development. Human Resource Development Review, 6 (3), 245–262.

Zulfaqar Mamat. (2017). Indeks Syariah Malaysia. Jurnal Penyelidikan Islam, 27, 63-76. Penerbitan JAKIM.

Downloads

Published

2019-10-21

How to Cite

Awang, S., Basir, S. A., & Mohamed, H. A.-B. (2019). Pelaksanaan Program Pembangunan Modal Insan (PMI) di institusi Pengurusan Hal Ehwal Islam (PHEI): Kajian Kes di Jabatan Kemajuan Islam Malaysia (JAKIM) (Implementation of Human Capital Development Program at the Institutions of Islamic Affairs Management: A Case Study at Department of Islamic Development Malaysia (JAKIM)). UMRAN - International Journal of Islamic and Civilizational Studies, 6(3), 9–31. https://doi.org/10.11113/umran2019.6n3.274

Issue

Section

Islamic Studies