Model Pengukuran Kecekapan Pengurusan Koperasi: Satu Sorotan Literatur (The Measurement Model of Cooperative Management Efficiency: A Literature Review)
Keywords:Stylistic, Rhetoric, al-Badīᶜ, al-Munfarijah, Ibn al-Naḥwī
Management efficiency is important in determining the sustainability of a cooperative. Measurement of management efficiency can promote healthy growth and development as well as improve the overall planning of the cooperative. Therefore, the selection of the efficiency measurement model is important so that the measurement of cooperative efficiency is comprehensive and reflects the actual performance of the cooperative. The objective of this study is to identify the cooperative management efficiency model through previous studies. Then, this study will set a model of measurement efficiency that corresponds to the co-operative. This qualitative study will analyze each model based on its co-operative concept. The findings of the study show that six models are used and proposed in the measurement of management competencies ie Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA), Stochastic Frontier Analysis (SFA), ‘Three Dimensional Efficiency’ model, Six Rules model, Sivirina model and Two-Dimensional model. Each model evaluates competencies in different aspects, including economic, social, socio-economic aspects, relationships between members, organizations and management functions. However, all models have the same purpose of measuring and improving the organization's efficiency. Most models use quantitative measurements and there are recommendations for using qualitative measurements so that cooperative performance can be assessed more fully. When it comes to co-operative management, the two-dimensional model is more suitable to used with the modification based on co-operative management features because the two-dimensional model fulfilling two important aspect of the co-operative namely the social and economic.
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