Factors Contributing to Inefficient Management and Maintenance of Waqf Properties: A Literature Review


  • Farah Nadia Abas Department of Land Administration, Faculty of Geoinformation and Real Estate, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia
  • Fauziah Raji Department of Land Administration, Faculty of Geoinformation and Real Estate, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia




Property Management, Inefficient Management and Maintenance, Waqf Properties, Sustainability, Income


Fundamentally, an effective management of properties has been established as a healthy way of increasing the value and benefits of real estate. The sources of awqaf (waqf) are quite rich. However, the issues of the sustainability of valuable waqf properties have not yet been explored especially with regards to sustaining and enhancing the value through sound principles of property management. Thus, this paper presents a literature review concerning the factors contributing to inefficient management and maintenance of waqf properties globally with a particular focus on Malaysia. From the findings, they have five factors identified that consist of; insufficient fund, lack of best performance by waqf manager, unregistered of waqf land under SIRC, out-dated data and confiscation of ownership rights by heirs from SIRC. Yet, due to the lack of study in the area of the maintenance function of waqf properties, it strongly suggested that there is a need to fill the gap in the body of knowledge of which both; management and maintenance function (operational management) shall take into account in waqf management practice as well. This is very important to achieve sustainability of valuable waqf properties by providing a continuous stream of income through effective and efficient of the waqf management system.


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How to Cite

Abas, F. N., & Raji, F. (2018). Factors Contributing to Inefficient Management and Maintenance of Waqf Properties: A Literature Review. UMRAN - International Journal of Islamic and Civilizational Studies, 5(3), 53–67. https://doi.org/10.11113/umran2018.5n3.233