RESTLESSNESS AMONG THE PUPILS IN ISLAMIC EDUCATION SUBJECT: APPLICATION MODEL MEASUREMENT RASCH (KERESAHAN MURID DALAM MATA PELAJARAN PENDIDIKAN ISLAM: APLIKASI MODEL PENGUKURAN RASCH)

Khairulhelmi Katip, Mohd. Rustam Rameli, Sulaiman Shakib Mohd. Noor, Ahmad Marzuki Muhamad

Abstract


Abstract

Anxiety or restlessness is an affective psychological variable that could affect the life of students significantly. In Malaysia, anxiety is one of the factors influencing subject performance especially among primary school students. Thus, a study of anxiety in Islamic Studies should be conducted to identify the problem. Also lack of previous study investigate the indicators of Islamic education subject anxiety specifically. Thus, this study aims to identify students’ experience anxiety level for Islamic Education subject and to build a hierarchy of students' experience anxiety based on the Parkinsons’ Four Factor Theory. A total of 83 primary school students were selected by using simple random sampling to become the respondents in this study. The respondents were asked to complete Anxiety Scale which measure students’ appraisal, arousal, action tendencies and also face expression throughout the process and situations in learning Islamic education. All the collected data were analysed by using measure rank analysis by applying Rasch Measurement Model to identify the rank of the four indicators of Islamic education anxiety. Results show that students experience relatively moderate level of anxiety in learning Islamic education. Besides, within the four indicators of Islamic education anxiety, appraisal towards external stimulus rank the highest while action tendencies rank the lowest. The results of this study have great implications for Islamic Education Teacher in identifying and improving communication with students experiencing anxiety in learning Islamic education at class.

Keywords: Anxiety, appraisal, arousal, face expression, action tendencies.

Abstrak

Keresahan atau kegelisahan merupakan antara faktor yang boleh memberi kesan yang signifikan kepada kehidupan murid. Di Malaysia, keresahan dalam mata pelajaran antara faktor yang boleh mempengaruhi pencapaian murid dalam sesebuah mata pelajaran di sekolah rendah. Justeru, satu kajian terhadap keresahan dalam mata pelajaran Pendidikan Islam perlu dijalankan bagi menangani masalah ini.  Kajian menggunakan indikator keresahan secara spesifik dalam mata pelajaran pendidikan Islam kurang dijalankan. Oleh itu, kajian ini dijalankan bertujuan untuk mengenal pasti tahap keresahan yang dialami murid dalam mata pelajaran pendidikan Islam dan membina hierarki pengalaman keresahan murid berdasarkan Teori Emosi Empat Faktor Parkinson. Seramai 83 orang murid sekolah rendah telah dipilih dalam kajian ini berdasarkan sampel rawak mudah. Responden dikehendaki melengkapkan instrumen keresahan bagi mata pelajaran pendidikan Islam yang mengukur indikator berdasarkan aspek penilaian terhadap rangsangan luar, rangsangan dalam, ekspresi muka dan kecenderungan tindakan. Data dianalisis dengan menggunakan Model Pengukuran Rasch untuk mengenal pasti kedudukan empat indikator ukuran pengalaman keresahan pendidikan Islam tersebut. Keputusan menunjukkan murid bahawa murid di sekolah rendah mempunyai tahap pengalaman keresahan yang sederhana. Berdasarkan empat indikator pula, penilaian terhadap rangsangan luar berada dalam kedudukan tertinggi, dan kecenderungan tindakan berada dalam kedudukan terendah. Keputusan kajian ini boleh dijadikan panduan terbaik kepada GPI dalam mengenalpasti dan memperbaiki komunikasi dengan murid yang mempunyai keresahan semasa pembelajaran pendidikan Islam di dalam kelas dijalankan.

Kata kunci: Keresahan, penilaian terhadap rangsangan luar, rangsangan dalam, ekspresi muka, kecenderungan tindakan.


Keywords


Anxiety; Appraisal; Face Expression; Action Tendencies

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.11113/umran2017.4n2.157

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