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Author Guidelines


We aim for excellence, sustained by a responsible and professional approach to journal publishing. We value and support our authors in the research community. Please read the guidelines and follow these instructions carefully; doing so will ensure that the publication of your manuscript is as rapid and efficient as possible. The Editorial Board reserves the right to return manuscripts that are not prepared in accordance with these guidelines. 

UMRAN policy prohibits an author from submitting the same manuscript for concurrent consideration by two or more publications. It also prohibits publication of any manuscript that has already been published either in whole or substantial part elsewhere. It also does not permit publication of manuscript that has been published in full in Proceedings. Please refer to UMRAN’s Code of Ethics for full details.


Authors are notified on receipt of a manuscript and upon the editorial decision regarding publication.

Manuscript review: Manuscripts deemed suitable for publication are sent to the Editorial Board members and/or other reviewers. We encourage authors to suggest the names of possible reviewers. Notification of the editorial decision is usually provided within to eight to ten weeks from the receipt of manuscript. Publication of solicited manuscripts is not guaranteed. In most cases, manuscripts are accepted conditionally, pending an author's revision of the material.

Author approval: Authors are responsible for all statements in articles, including changes made by editors. The liaison author must be available for consultation with an editor of The Journal to answer questions during the editorial process and to approve the edited copy. Authors receive edited typescript (not galley proofs) for final approval. Changes cannot be made to the copy after the edited version has been approved.



The manuscript should be arranged as follows: Title, Author’s name, Abstract, Keywords, Text, Acknowledgement, Reference (if necessary), References and Author’s Address and corresponding author’s. An Abstract should be not more than 250 words, describing its main points. The abstract should be followed by five keywords (separated by commas) identifying the manuscript’s content for retrieval systems. Do not use references in abstract. Text is the main part of an article and it should typically contain Introduction, Methodology, Results and Discussion but not restricted to, depending on the nature of the article. Reference at the end of the article must follow the journal’s referencing style.


1. Regular article

Definition: Full-length original empirical investigations, consisting of introduction, materials and methods, results and discussion, conclusions. Original work must provide references and an explanation on research findings that contain new and significant findings.

Size: Should not exceed 7000 words or 10-15 printed pages (excluding the abstract, references, tables and/or figures). One printed page is roughly equivalent to 3 type-written pages.


2. Short communications

Definition: Significant new information to readers of the Journal in a short but complete form.

Size: Should not exceed 2000 words or 4 printed pages, is intended for rapid publication. They are not intended for publishing preliminary results or to be a reduced version of Regular Papers or Rapid Papers.


3. Review article

Definition: Critical evaluation of materials about current research that had already been published by organizing, integrating, and evaluating previously published materials. Re-analyses as meta-analysis and systemic reviews are encouraged. Review articles should aim to provide systemic overviews, evaluations and interpretations of research in a given field.

Size: Should not exceed 4000 words or 7-8 printed pages.


4. Special issues

Definition: Usually papers from research presented at a conference, seminar, congress or a symposium.

Size: Should not exceed 5000 words or 8-10 printed pages.


5. Others

Definition: Brief reports, case studies, comments, Letters to the Editor, and replies on previously published articles may be considered.

Size: Should not exceed 2000 words or up to 4 printed pages. With few exceptions, original manuscripts should not exceed the recommended length of 6 printed pages (about 18 typed pages, double spaced and in 12-point font, tables and figures included). Printing is expensive, and, for the Journal, postage doubles when an issue exceeds 80 pages. You can understand then that there is little room for flexibility. Long articles reduce the Journal's possibility to accept other high-quality contributions because of its 80-page restriction. We would like to publish as many good studies as possible, not only a few lengthy ones. (And, who reads overly long articles anyway?) Therefore, in our competition, short and concise manuscripts have a definite advantage.



Manuscript should be written using the following format:

  1. Type        :    Microsoft Word
  2. Font type  :    Times New Roman
  3. Font size  :    11
  4. Spacing    :    1.0

*A manuscript template can be found here (MS WORD 2013 or MS WORD 97-2003)

Manuscripts in general should be organized in the following order:

  • Page 1: Running title. (Not to exceed 60 characters, counting letters and spaces). This page should only contain the running title of your paper. The running title is an abbreviated title used as the running head on every page of the manuscript. In addition, the Subject areas most relevant to the study must be indicated on this page. Select the appropriate subject areas from the Scope of the Journals provided in the Manuscript Submission Guide.
  • Page 2: Author(s) and Corresponding author information. This page should contain the full title of your paper with name(s) of all the authors, institutions and corresponding author's name, institution and full address (Street address, telephone number (including extension), hand phone number, fax number and e-mail address) for editorial correspondence. 

Text. Regular Papers should be prepared with the headings Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions in this order. Short Communications should be prepared according to "8. Short Communications." below.

Illustrations. Tables, figures and plates should not be inserted within the pages of the manuscript but should be submitted on separate sheets attached to the article.

  • Tables should be prepared with the minimum use of horizontal rules (usually three are sufficient) and avoiding vertical rules.
  • It is important to provide clear copy of figures (not photocopies or faxes) which can be reproduced by the printer and do not require redrawing.
  • Photographs should be high-contrast black and white glossy prints.

The desired position for each table, figure and plate should be indicated in the manuscript.

Equations and Formulae. These must be set up clearly and should be typed triple spaced. Numbers identifying equations should be in square brackets and placed on the right margin of the text.

Quranic verses or Hadith fom Prophet (pbuh): If there is a usage of Quranic verses or Hadith fom Prophet (pbuh), it only needs to be done by translation only.

References. The American Psychological Association (APA) reference system is preferred in this journal, uses the name of the author, the date of publication and, following quoted material, the page reference as a key to the full bibliographical details set out in a list of References, which should include (in alphabetical order by author) every work cited in the text.  Authors are asked to ensure that dates, spelling and titles are used in the References are consistent with those listed in the text. 

Short Communications should include Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion, Conclusions in this order. Headings should only be inserted for Materials and Methods. The abstract should be up to 100 words, as stated above. Short Communications must be 5 printed pages or less, including all references, figures and tables. References should be less than 30. A 5 page paper is usually approximately 3000 words plus four figures or tables (if each figure or table is less than 1/4 page). Authors should state the total number of words (including the Abstract) in the cover letter. Manuscripts that do not fulfill these criteria will be rejected as Short Communications without review.

*Manuscripts should follow the style of the latest version of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (APA). Please refer here for further details about the APA style. The journal uses American or British spelling and authors may follow the latest edition of the Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary for British spellings.



The journal publishes articles in the Malay and English languages. Only original manuscripts, not published elsewhere, or under consideration by any other journals, need to be submitted for consideration for publication. 

Cover Letter

All submissions must be accompanied by a cover letter detailing what you are submitting. The template for the cover letter can be found here (MS WORD FOR COVER LETTER)

Papers are accepted for publication in the journal on the understanding that the article is original and the content has not been published or submitted for publication elsewhere. 

Review Process

Every manuscript submitted will be screened for fulfilment of submission guideline and undergo content review to determine if it suits the scope of the journal and fulfill the quality requirement. The manuscript will be returned to the writer/s if it requires further editing before it is send for review.

UMRAN follows a double-blind peer-review process. Peer reviewers are experts chosen by journal editors to provide written assessment of the strengths and weaknesses of written research, with the aim of improving the reporting of research and identifying the most appropriate and highest quality material for the journal.

In the peer-review process, the papers are sent out for double blind independent review from experts in the field. Authors are encouraged to indicate the names of three potential reviewers during the submission, but the editors will make the final choice.

The editors are not, however, bound by these suggestions. When the editorial board has successfully received feedback from a minimum of TWO reviewers, the corresponding author will be contacted. Comments from the external reviewers are sent to the authors and they are notified of the journal’s decision (accept, accept with revisions, reject). This entire review process is estimated to take between 3-4 months. The editor’s decision is final.

The Editor reserves the right to modify the typescripts to eliminate ambiguity and repetition and improve communication between author and reader. If extensive alterations are required, the manuscript will be returned to the author for revision.

English Language Editing

UMRAN emphasizes on the linguistic accuracy of every manuscript published. Thus all authors are required to get their manuscripts edited by professional English language editors. Author(s) must provide a certificate confirming that their manuscripts have been adequately edited. A proof from a recognised editing service should be submitted together with the cover letter at the time of submitting a manuscript to UMRAN. All costs will be borne by the author(s). This step, taken by authors before submission, will greatly facilitate reviewing, and thus publication if the content is acceptable. Author material archive policy Authors who require the return of any submitted material that is rejected for publication in the journal should indicate on the cover letter. If no indication is given, that author's material should be returned, the Editorial Office will dispose of all hardcopy and electronic material.


Authors publishing the Journal will be asked to sign a declaration form. In signing the form, it is assumed that authors have obtained permission to use any copyrighted or previously published material. All authors must read and agree to the conditions outlined in the form, and must sign the form or agree that the corresponding author can sign on their behalf. Articles cannot be published until a signed form has been received.

Lag Time

A decision on acceptance or rejection of a manuscript is reached in 3 to 4 months (average 14 weeks). The elapsed time from submission to publication for the articles averages 5-6 months.


Hardcopies of the Journals and Off Prints

Under the Journal’s open access initiative, authors can choose to download free material (via PDF link) from any of the journal issues from UMRAN’s website. Under “Browse Journals” you will see a link entitled "Current Issues” or “Archives". The corresponding author for all articles will receive one complimentary hardcopy of the journal in which his/her articles is published. In addition, 20 off prints of the full text of their article will also be provided. Additional copies of the journals may be purchased by writing to the executive editor.


Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration.
  2. The submission file is in Microsoft Word, OpenOffice or RTF document file format.  This will be used as the main submission file.
  3. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  4. The text is single-spaced; uses a 11-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end. All manuscripts must be in a A4 paper size.
  5. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.

Copyright Notice

Authors who publish with this journal agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in this journal.
  2. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in this journal.
  3. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work (See The Effect of Open Access).


Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.